In Nairobi, Kenya’s capital city, it is estimated that 60% of its 4 million residents are living in informal settlements and most are poorly served with water and sanitation. The majority of the residents buy water from water vendors and are paying much higher prices that those receiving piped supplies. Although the local water provider, Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company (NCWSC), are organised to supply these communities, high water losses from poor infrastructure and illegal connections reduce their overall revenue, making it difficult for them to make the necessary investment.
Four partners have joined forces to plan, fund, and implement the programme: Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP); Borealis and Borouge under the umbrella of their corporate social responsibility programme Water for the World; and the OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID).
The Mukuru Sinai and Korogocho settlements have been initially targeted and WSUP will lead the project supporting the NCWSC to develop both the physical infrastructure and the commercial framework that will underpin the new water supply system. The new infrastructure will be produced from high quality PE100 material provided by Borouge to ensure a long maintenance free life.
It is estimated that 60% of the 4 million residents of Nairobi in Kenya are living in informal settlements, on just 5% of the land. Most are poorly served with water and are forced to buy from street vendors. Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor plan to work with the local water provider, Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company to deliver safe and reliable water to over 50,000 residents for a tenth of the price they currently pay street vendors. Co-funded by the OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID), Borouge and Borealis with implementation and project management from WSUP, the programme will run over the next two years.
Kenya is undergoing rapid urbanisation, with most migrants from rural areas moving into informal settlements around the major cities. In the capital Nairobi, 60% of its 4 million population are currently living in informal settlements and this is expected to grow to 75% over the next 15 years. These settlements offer only basic housing with few, if any, water, sanitation and power utilities. The local utilities often lack the resources and expertise to equip and serve settlements with reliable and safe drinking water. As a result, fewer than one in five households have piped water connections, so often the only source of safe drinking water is from high-priced street vendors.