Whilst the growth in India’s population and industrial economy continues unabated, the lack of attention to the water and sanitation infrastructure is a cause for concern. Although the government is increasing infrastructure expenditure year-on-year, population increases and the continued migration to urban areas means that much still remains to be done. However, with water and sanitation systems often left behind in the call on resources, excessive leakage and pollution are building up costs for today and serious health problems for the future.
Throughout the last half century the migration of the rural population to the large cities in India has continued unabated. This has put huge strains on the infrastructure in those cities. In fact, in the fifty years between 1951 to 2001, the urban population has risen by over 350% to 280 million.